Bulk and commodity trade and vessel movements are embroiled in further turmoil in early October, with day rates for vessel leases spiking so dramatically, a commodity trader told IndustryEdge, “Its stupid o’clock out there. You can get a vessel, but you’ll pay through the nose, and rates are increasing by the hour some days.”

The largest risks to the early-stage project development of modern bioenergy plants—including the ability to raise the necessary capital and demonstrate profitability over time—are associated with identifying reliable, sustainable, affordable and bankable supplies of wood raw material feedstocks.