When it comes to pressure liquid filters, there are some common terms shared across industries.
The following is a list of definitions often used when working with pressure liquid filters.
Backwashing: Cleaning filter media and removing entrapped solids by forcing a flow of liquid in a reverse direction through the media.
Batch Filtration: Filtering a given volume of liquid prior to cleaning a filter stream. The process may be interrupted to clean the filter medium.
Continuous Filtration: All flow is filtered; the filtration process is uninterrupted by media cleaning, replacement, or maintenance.
Cycle Length: Duration, measured in time or gallons/liters, that filter media can operate effectively between cleanings.
External Backwash: Use of a liquid other than that being filtered to backwash the media. This source could be the filtered liquid with boosted pressure.
Filter Medium: A barrier of permeable material that traps solids in flow.
Filtrate: Liquid that has passed through a filter medium.
Internal Backwash: Use of the liquid being filtered to backwash the media.
Media Open Area: Amount of space on a filter medium surface that can be penetrated by a liquid. A prime determinant of solids retaining capacity.
Pressure Differential: Difference in pressure between an entrance flow and an exit flow.
Side Stream Filtration: Taking a portion of a given process stream and filtering the portion before reintroducing it into the mainstream.
Solids: Granular, fibrous, or glutinous material suspended in a liquid which can be removed by the mechanical process of filtration. Expressed in parts per million by weight.
Surface Filtration: Separates solids from liquid by trapping them on the surface of a filter medium.